In addition, the Withdrawal Agreement regulates the UK`s contributions to the EU budget. The deal means the UK will pay as a member for the current long-term entire budget by the end of 2020. The main provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement include: The Withdrawal Agreement included an option to extend the transition period to avoid a no-deal Brexit if no deal can be reached between the EU and the UK by 31 December 2020. Such an extension should have been requested until July 2020. Following a statement by Prime Minister Boris Johnson that he would not use this option and that 11 months was enough to agree on a comprehensive agreement, the UK government inserted a provision into the 2020 act to prohibit a UK minister from applying for such an extension and no extension was requested. Rules of understanding and interpretation of the agreement. It specifies that they have the same legal force in the EU as in the United Kingdom. The rules have direct effect, which means that, if they are precise and clear, they can be invoked by individuals directly before national courts. Union legal concepts shall be interpreted in accordance with Union law and taking into account the practice of the Court of Justice of the European Union. The WAB turns Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the „backstop“) and a revised political declaration.
On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. 3. The main objective of the part on separation provisions (Articles 40 to 125) is to ensure legal certainty so that, at the end of the transitional period, pending proceedings can be closed on the basis of the application of Union law in accordance with Union law. This third part also contains the special provisions necessary for the orderly withdrawal from the EU of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). The UK submitted its withdrawal notice to the EU on 29 March 2017. This triggered a withdrawal procedure within the meaning of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. Negotiations ended on 17 October 2019. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration, replacing the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade researcher at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the level playing field mechanism has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that „the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas“ has been deleted.  Below is a non-exhaustive list of documents related to the UK`s planned withdrawal from the EU, documents relating to the UK and its position in the EU, and a list of useful links on the subject.