(a) Bilateral social security agreements protect the interests of Indian skilled workers working abroad by providing the following benefits: • avoid double social security contributions: once an SSA has been signed between India and another country, it exempts the Indian worker (who works on short-term contracts abroad) from the provision of a social security contribution in that foreign country. This exemption is granted only if the Indian worker is covered by india`s social security scheme and continues to pay his contribution for the duration of the contract abroad. • Simple transfer of benefits (exportability): an SSA between India and another country allows the Indian worker/professional to transfer their accumulated social security contribution to a foreign country in case of moving to India/third countries…