The 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 21), held in Paris in 2015, ended with the adoption of the decision and the Paris Agreement. The agreement came into force in November 2016 and will apply from 2020. Its goal is to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius. The goal is to achieve this by increasing the capacity to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and by promoting resilience to climate change and the development of low-carbon co2. To achieve the agreed objectives, the Paris Agreement establishes a strengthened transparency framework to promote mutual trust and promote effective implementation of the agreement, improve clarity and facilitate monitoring of progress. The parties recognize that adaptation measures should be based on a country-based, gender-based, participatory and fully transparent approach that should take into account vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems, and should be based on the best available scientific knowledge and, where appropriate, traditional knowledge, indigenous peoples and local knowledge systems. , and take inspiration from them. Notices of adjustment of the parties are recorded in a public register. The parties may cooperate to take steps to improve general education and training on climate change, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, while recognizing the importance of these measures to improve actions taken under this agreement. As part of the expanded transparency framework, each party periodically provides the following information: (a) a national inventory report on anthropogenic emissions from sources and the elimination of greenhouse gases by wells, based on best practices accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and approved by the Conference of the Parties acting as a meeting of the parties to this agreement; and b) the information needed to track progress in implementing and delivering on their contribution at the national level. The agreement establishes a mechanism to facilitate implementation and promote compliance with national contributions, which is communicated to the Secretariat by the contracting parties so that they can be registered on a public register.
When communicating their contributions at the national level, all parties provide the information necessary for clarity, transparency and understanding. In addition, the parties take into account their contributions at the national level, promoting environmental integrity, transparency, accuracy, completeness, comparability and consistency. Capacity building should improve the capacity and capacity of parts of developing countries and facilitate the development, dissemination and provision of technologies, access to climate finance, relevant aspects of education, training and public awareness, and transparent, rapid and accurate communication of information. its provisions. This mechanism consists of a committee that is professional and soulful and operates in a transparent, non-contradictory and non-punitive manner.