Confidentiality agreements are probably not useful for start-ups trying to raise funds from venture capitalists, given that most venture capitalists will refuse to sign such agreements. Acts of confidentiality and loyalty (also known as acts of confidentiality or confidentiality) are frequently used in Australia. These documents generally have the same purpose and contain provisions similar to confidentiality agreements (INAs) used elsewhere. However, these documents are treated legally as acts and are therefore binding without consideration, unlike contracts. One of the tricky things here is to think about whether other people or companies could also be parties to the agreement. How long does the obligation of confidentiality last? the model contract proposes three alternative approaches: an indefinite period that ends when the information is no longer a trade secret; a fixed period; or a combination of both. In Britain, NDAs are used not only to protect trade secrets, but also often as a precondition for a financial agreement to prevent whistleblowing employees from making public the misdeeds of their former employers. There is a law that allows for protected disclosure despite an NDA, even though employers sometimes silence the former employee.   Another approach to identifying trade secrets is to declare that the disclosing party certifies what is confidential and what is not. .