For centuries, Jordan was part of the Ottoman Empire. After the defeat of the central powers in World War I, Britain controlled most of the Middle East on behalf of the League of Nations, calling present-day Jordan Transjordan. [iii] Jordan became a Hashemite of Jordan after World War II. [iv] The current government is a hereditary constitutional monarchy led by the hashemite family that claims the direct ancestry of the Prophet Muhammad. Jordan`s first king was King Abdullah, who ruled from 1946 to 1951. [vi] King Hussein bin Talal ruled Jordan from 1953 to 1999 after the assassination of his grandfather, King Abdullah, in 1951 and the brief reign of his father Talal. [vii] King Hussein retained power during the defining events of Jordanian history, including a large influx of Palestinian refugees after the creation of the State of Israel in 1949,[viii] the adoption of Jordan`s first Constitution,[ix] of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, where Israel took control of the West Bank [x] a civil war with Palestinian rebels in 1970 ,[xi] and the establishment of a peace treaty with Israel. [xii] In 1988, Jordan relinquished its right to the West Bank and granted this right to the Palestine Liberation Organization („PLO“). [xiii] U.S.
contractors working for U.S. forces are subject to Iraqi criminal law, while contractors working for the State Department and other U.S. authorities may retain their immunity. „The issue of immunity, the biggest issue we are talking about, is addressed in the… Accord ,“ said Alan Chvotkin, who works on behalf of contractors including Moyock, N.C.-based on Blackwater Worldwide. Chvotkin said he believes Blackwater`s guards, according to L. Paul Bremer`s Executive Order 17, still have immunity. Blackwater currently has no license to work in Iraq.
 On 1 July 2008, Zebari stated that he had informed members of the Iraqi Parliament that, in accordance with the negotiated terms of the long-term security pact, Us contractors no longer had immunity from Iraqi prosecution. U.S. State Department officials could not be immediately contacted to take a position, but Iraqi MP Mahmoud Othman said he attended the meeting and Iraqi officials were very pleased with the immunity agreement.  In a letter to the U.S. military about new rules of engagement, General Ray Odierno said that U.S. forces would reduce their visibility, but that this does not mean „any reduction in our fundamental ability to protect ourselves.“ Odierno wrote that U.S. forces would „coordinate operations with the agreement of the GoI (Government of Iraq), and we will conduct all operations through, with and through the Iraqi security forces. …
Despite some adjustments in the way we conduct operations, the agreement only strengthens the transitions already underway and I want to emphasize that our general principles remain unchanged,“ he added.  In protest at an agreement they considered to be an extension of a „humiliating“ occupation, tens of thousands of Iraqis burned an image of George W.